New York City has a “Jack, the Ink Slinger.”
He should, of course, be put in the “pen.”
Logansport [IN] Reporter 21 October 1898: p. 4
Any successful sensation has imitators. Jack the Ripper’s reign of terror inspired a series of copy-cat killers. His name, which may have been coined by a journalist in a hoax letter to the police, was irresistible to journalists covering social panics at the turn of the century and beyond. There was Jack the Kisser, Jack the Smasher, Jack the Nipper, and, one of strangest: Jack the Ink-Slinger.
This Ruiner of Ladies’ Dresses began operating in New York and Brooklyn early in 1890, but the papers apparently did not report on him until April of that year. One of the interesting factors in panics of this sort is how hard it was to spot the perpetrator—the Ink-Slinger seems never to have been caught in the act–and how long he was able to evade arrest. Here, with minimal comment, is the saga of “Jack, the Ink Slinger.”
CHANGED FROM VIOLET TO BLACK
Jack, the Ink Slinger, Still at Work, but Uses the Latter Colored Fluid
Despite the detectives “Jack, the Ink Slinger,” continues to be a mischief maker. He spent the early part of Sunday night in Brooklyn, as told in the Herald, but later on he fell back on his old stamping ground in the Twenty-second ward. The violet ink which he has been in the habit of throwing upon the dresses of good looking young women he has now discarded for a blue black fluid.
Mrs. M. Lange, the wife of a travelling salesman, occupying a flat at No. 452 West Fifty-seventh street, has been the latest object of his attack. As Mr. and Mrs. Lang were going down Ninth avenue Sunday night they met the ink slinger. They describe him as being a slim young man, dressed in a Prince Albert coat, light trousers and wearing a soft felt hat.
There was no suspicion at the time that the stranger was the man for whom the entire detective force has been on the hunt.
When Mrs. Lang reached home she found that her dress skirt had been ruined by a blue black fluid which had evidently been squirted upon it from a syringe.
Mr. Lang was very indignant about the insult to his wife, and yesterday he visited Police Headquarters and conferred with Inspector Byrnes. Two detective sergeants are working upon the new clew. New York Herald 22 April 1890: p. 7
“JACK THE INK-SLINGER”
Caught at Last, While Following Two Women.
Had in His Pocket a Bottle of Violet Ink and Three Corked Clay-Pipe Bowls Filled With the Fluid.
]New York Herald]
“Jack the Ink-Slinger,” that peculiar species of man who has been proving a terror to the residents of Captain Killilea’s precinct, was captured at midnight last night by Policeman Walter M. Stafford, of the West Forty-seventh-street Station.
Policeman Stafford was standing in the shadow of a doorway at the corner of Fifty-ninth street and Ninth avenue when two ladies walked by on the lower side of the street.
Immediately thereafter a man dressed in shabby clothing, wearing an old Derby hat, gray with age, stepped from a doorway and followed the couple. One of the ladies had a handsome white dress on, and it was evidently that which attracted his eye.
WAITED FOR A VICTIM.
He walked slowly about three feet behind the women, the policeman following close behind. At Fifty-fourth street and Ninth avenue and the ladies turned east and the “ink slinger” stood on the corner and apparently waited for a victim.
Then the policeman closed in on the man and arrested him. His hand at once sought his pocket, but before he could draw anything out the policeman seized his hand and held it.
The prisoner was taken to the West Forty-seventh-street police station where he was carefully searched. A bottle of violet ink was found, and also three pipe bowls. There were made of clay and carefully corked. They were all filled with ink, the process being to draw the cork and throw the contents of the bottle over the dress, recork the bottle and go down a side street to refill.
BADLY SCARED The prisoner was badly frightened, but said he had taken the bottle and pipe-bowls from his little boy, thinking that the latter might do some damage with them. His clothing and hands were stained with ink and his pockets were wet with the fluid.
OFFERED THE POLICEMAN TWENTY DOLLARS
The prisoner was shown to the platoon of men, one of whom recognized him as an employee of the Ninth-avenue car stables. He gave his name as John Connors, aged 33, of No. 443 Fifty-second street. He said he was married, and offered the policeman $20 to let him go.
Sergeant Dunn and Chapman did the town last night searching for the man and smile of gladness pervaded the atmosphere of the station house over the arrest. Both Sergeant Kear and Doyle have worked hard looking for him. And Captain Killilea has worn numerous pairs of shoes to the ground in walking the precinct looking for the scoundrel.
He recently offered any policeman who should capture Jack the Ink Slinger $20 in cash and a day off.
WHERE HE WORKED
Usually the “ink slinger” did his work by night, but not always. His last field of operation was along Ninth avenue, between Forty-ninth and Fifty-ninth streets. It is probably, however, that he is the same man who, in broad daylight, threw a brown fluid upon the skirts of ladies on the stairs of the Twenty-third-street Station of the Sixth-avenue Elevated Railroad.
The experience of Mrs. James Sennett, who lives in Flat No. 12, at the south-west corner of Fiftieth street and Ninth avenue, was perhaps the most grievous. She had bought for Easter an “old rose” robe of elaborate design and costly material. Several weeks ago she wore the dress to go calling with her husband. On their way home a short, rough-looking man brushed against Mrs. Sennett at the corner of Fifty-fourth street and Ninth avenue. She thought nothing of it at the time.
Upon reaching the light of her apartments Mrs. Sennett discovered that the back of her skirt, from the waist down, as well as a part of the bodice, was blotched with large purple stains. So penetrating was the fluid that it had passed through the tissues of cloth to her undergarments. Later investigation further showed that the dye was absolutely indelible.
Next morning upon the flagging of the walk on Ninth avenue at Fifty-fourth street, where Mr. and Mrs. Sennett had been brushed against, were numerous purple stains. Mr. Sennett at once reported the occurrence to Captain Killilea of the Forty-seventh-street Police Station.
The next case scarcely less aggravated, was that of Miss Tilly Horn, of No. 726 Ninth avenue. Attired in a neat new brown dress she made a call with another young lady upon acquaintances on Fifty-ninth street. She and her companion are neighbors, almost in adjoining houses, and they walked home together. Upon entering the house her big brother grasped her in his arms and gave her a playful hug. At her loud complaint of the peril of her fine new clothing by such rudeness her brother released her. He started back with his hand and arm stained crimson.
There was a temporary flurry over a first thought of blood, and the discovery was then made that the bodice and skirt of Miss Horn’s dress was drenched in great splashes with a red dye.
THE SAME PENETRATIVE QUALITY WAS PERCEIVED AND THE SAME INDELIBILITY AS IN THE CASE OF
Mrs. Sennett. Unfortunately Miss Horn and her friend were not aroused to suspicion of any one upon the street.
Since that time “Jack the Ink Slinger.,” has been making active use of his opportunities.
He appeared in Brooklyn and ruined a number of fine dresses, and in each case escaped arrest. The police, however, have been following him up where ever he has been heard of and the mystery is how he eluded them so long. Cincinnati [OH] Enquirer 26 May 1890: p. 8
INK SLINGER JACK FACES HIS VICTIMS
They Do Not Positively Identify Him, but Circumstances Show Him To Be the Spoiler of Women’s Gowns
HIS WIFE TRIES HARD TO SAVE HIM
But Her Story Is Different from His, and He Is Remanded—He May Be Mildly Insane.
There are times for women’s weeping and times for women’s smiles, and the time has come at last, thanks to the prescience of good Policeman Walter M. Stafford, when women can walk about again attired in their best gown and feel no fear, for the famous Jack the Ink Slinger sees life as through a grating darkly. And that is why the women smile.
If every woman’s husband in the neighborhood that surrounds Captain Killilea’s station house had drawn a high prize in the lottery she could not have rejoiced more vividly than she did yesterday when she read in the Herald that this infamous jack was in limbo at last.
There was a huge crowd in the Yorkville Police Court yesterday morning when Police Justice O’Reilly looked over his glasses and stared long and earnestly at a queer little unkempt figure which stood before him, twirling a battered and seasoned derby.
The ink slinger was glancing all ways at once with restive, shifting eyes, and did not give the Justice one square look throughout the brief proceedings. He had a head bearing more the conformation of a toadstool than I would care to wear, and his weak chin was grizzled with a two days’ growth of beard. His cheeks were sunken like those of an aged Chinaman and his cheek-bones were high and prominent. His nose was straight and his sunken eyes deep blue. He answered to the name and title of John Connors, stableman.
HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN THREE
Not far away sat a poor, pretty little woman with a babe in her arms and three shabby tots beside her. Poor little things. They were Mrs. Jack Ink Slingers and the little jack Ink Slingers, come, if possible, to cry their husband and father out of custody.
“What have we here?” inquired the Justice, not comprehending at the moment that a historical character stood before him.
“Your Honor, “said Policeman Stafford, who was chaperoning the unfortunate fellow, “this is Jack the Ink Slinger.”
“Jack the what?”
“The Ink Slinger,” and then the policeman proceeded to relate the story—told in yesterday’s Herald—of how he came to follow and apprehend Connors, catching him not in exactly the act of villany, but with the deep dyed proofs in his pockets and generously saturating his clothing.
When asked what he had to say John Connors told the gauzy tale which he had given to the police the night before—that his little boy had been in the habit of making a plaything of aniline ink and pipe bowls and he had taken them away from him lest the child do mischief with them. He did not tell the story with much fluency, and he looked very anxious to try the calibre of his legs when the officer, taking up one of the inky pipe bowls, illustrated how he had made a bottle of it, and pulled the cork in time to spill the contents over dresses that offended the eye of the aesthetic stableman.
HIS WIFE CONTRADICTED HIM.
Mrs. Connors was called and told the Justice that she did not believe her husband was the ink slinger. She had very often searched his pockets, she said, and never found any ink or pipe bowls in them. When asked the night before she had strenuously denied that her boy ever played with anything of the sort, and as she could not reconcile one story with another her ‘alibi” of the utensils of mischief was weak. This point was pressed upon her and she ended by denying that her children ever had any ink to play with. Then she declared that her husband had been acting queerly and she gave the impression that he had not been of much comfort to her of late.
Then Justice O’Reilly looked through his spectacles and said that as the police had failed to bring any complainants who had suffered from the fellow’s mischief he would remand him in the care of the police until Sunday morning at nine o’clock. Meanwhile it would be a good plan to try and get a positive identification.
So Mr. Ink Slinger was taken back to the station house in West Forty-seventh street, and notes were sent to the various sufferers asking them to call and take a look at him.
NO POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION
During the afternoon several of the ladies whose gowns were injured called. Jack did not wish to see them evidently, for he had to be roughly ordered to stand up and face them before he would consent to do so. None of them could positively state that he was the man who had roughly jostled them, though they thought he very well might be. In fact, a positive identification can hardly be hoped for, but it seems scarcely necessary in view of the very strong chain of circumstantial evidence that can be woven about him. But whether he most deserves the year in the Penitentiary which can be given him for malicious mischief or a place in an insane asylum is a question in which I think the doctors would not hesitate long.
Connor’s clothes and his manner when Policeman Stafford bethought him to search his pockets are positive evidences against him, and a few words from a specialist on insanity, coupled with a medical examination as to his insanity and its causes would supply evidence dough to place him behind the bars, either of punishment or more kindly medical treatment.
Jack was sullen all the afternoon and refused to answer any questions.
I called at the street car stables where he worked and found that he was unpopular, had little to say to other stable men or drivers and kept much by himself. His fellow workmen said they had never suspected him in any way connected with the throwing of ink. There was one piece of evidence to be gained here, however. Connors worked often at night and went off duty at half-past ten. It was between tis hour and midnight that some of the ink throwing was done.
MAY KNOW MORE THAN SHE TELLS.
The police believe that Mrs. Connors knows more about the business than she is willing to tell. But there is a great deal of sympathy felt for the poor little woman, and she will be let off as easily as possible.
What was the motive for this uneditorial slinging of ink? The doctors say that there was probably none. It was a mania, and the books are full of parallel cases. One which may be remembered was the case of a young woman in Brooklyn who had a mania for pinching the arms of pretty women he met in the streets and then running away.
Another case was that of a man who had a mania for indiscriminately kissing women in the street. The matter might not have seemed to strange if he had picked his victims from the youthful and attractive. Both are now in insane asylums.
“Jack the Ink Slinger” has shown a predilection for white or light colored dresses on which to exercise his artistic skill. This is not believed to be a desire to get a contrast, but that light colors excited his mania more than dark ones. New York Herald 25 May 1890: p. 8
Connor’s lawyer put in a plea of insanity and asked for a mental examination. The police surgeon did not concur.
“JACK THE INK SLINGER” NOT INSANE
John Connors, known to fame as “Jack the Ink Slinger,” was committed for trial in default of $1,000 bail by Justice Ford, in the Yorkville Police Court, yesterday. A certificate from Police Surgeon Nesbitt was presented that he had made a thorough examination of Connors and could find no evidence of insanity. Miss Ethel Warren identified Connors as the man who followed her on Sixth avenue on the evening her dress was ruined by ink. New York Herald 28 May 1890: p. 3
Since only one witness was certain that Connors was the Slinger, it limited the scope of the case, frustrating the judge. The Cincinnati Enquirer reported on the sentencing:
“In charging the jury Judge Martine spoke of the unsusual character of the case and said that as the dress which was the subject of the indictment was worth only $25, the prisoner could be convicted only of the lower grade of injury to property. The jury was out only ten minutes, returning with a verdict of guilty. Judge Martine gave Conners the full penalty—six months in the Penitentiary and $250 fine—remarking that the penalty was entirely inadequate. He said that he understood that there were at least 100 other complaints from ladies whose clothing had been ruined in the same way. Cincinnati [OH] Enquirer 25 June 1890: p. 1
The extremely surreptitious nature of the crimes and the large number of complaints—none from victims who could identify the perpetrator—is, again, a feature of these kinds of cases. Most ink-slingers did their dirty work in the dark or possessed such a light touch that they might as well have been invisible, which further panicked the public.
“JACK THE INK-SLINGER” SENTENCED
That mysterious individual known as “Jack the Ink-slinger” was promptly convicted yesterday on his first appearance before a jury. He has been for months an annoyance to women, who have found, on arriving home after being out of doors at night, their dresses ruined by stains of violet ink, which had been thrown on them by this man. His name is John Connors. He is thin-faced and stupid-looking, and was a hostler in the Ninth-ave. railroad stables. He is thirty-three years old, but appears older and was indicted for malicious injury to property. Judge Martine said to him: “I cannot understand what motive could have impelled you to such a crime. Your act could not benefit yourself and the persons whose clothing you ruined had not done any harm to you. The number of complaints against you has been very large. If the property injured in this one case, on which you are now tried, had been of greater value, you might have suffered four years’ imprisonment. As it is, I will inflict the severest possible sentence, which is six months’ imprisonment in the Penitentiary and a fine of $250. That fine is imposed in the hope that it will increase your term of imprisonment, for if it is not paid you must serve 250 days. No one need come to me to try to have the fine remitted, for the punishment must be enforced.” Connors will be sent to the Penitentiary to-day. New York Herald-Tribune 25 June 1890: p. 4
As far as I can tell from census reports, Connors was working as a railroad laborer in 1900 and died between the 1900 and 1910 censuses.
The Slinger produced a spate of copy-cats almost immediately. A tobacco-spitting rival was reported in July of 1890, while the more deadly “Jack the Vitriol Slinger” appeared in September of 1890, raising memories of the unhappy Dr. Horace Wells who was arrested for throwing vitriol on several New York prostitutes in a moment of ether intoxication and committed suicide under anaesthetic in 1848.
“Jack the Inkman” or “the Ink-Thrower” squirted ink in broad daylight onto ladies’ white dresses in 1906-7 London. In 1907 a “Jack the Ink Thrower” was also found in Indianapolis, where he specialized in ruining expensive dresses at balls and theatrical gatherings. He was sometimes labeled a disciple of Indiana’s own “Jack the Smearer,” who threw human waste on ladies’ gowns and “who had ruined not less than 200 party gowns in the past year.”Fredericksburg [IN] Blue River Gazette 12 September 1907: p. 2
Other Ink Throwers were found at Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1894; Morgantown, WV in 1903 and 1908 San Francisco. An insane ink-thrower was arrested in 1911 in St. Marys, Pennsylvania, while one who targeted fur coats roamed Springfield, Massachusetts in 1925.
I’m sure there must have been Continental ink-slingers, but this is one of the few, besides the London Inkman, that I’ve found reported in the US press:
INK MANIAC CAUGHT
Paris Paul Lespondet, the insane ink-thrower, who ruined the gowns of more than 125 women in Paris, has been arrested at Bordeaux. Oakland [CA] Tribune July 4, 1930: p. 23
A Parisian Ink Maniac seems as though he would repay further study.
Returning to Connors the Ink Slinger, did he have a compulsion to assault women by ink-proxy or was this, as seems probable, a sexual fetish? [As a side-note, this fetish’s (if fetish it was) official name is salirophilia: a love of soiling or dirtying others. If anyone knows the medical term for an actual ink fetish, please share!]
Considering his large number of victims, Connors must have found it an expensive pasttime. And, where did he get the ink? I had thought perhaps he stole it from his employer, but aniline inks were not used for bookkeeping or official documents due to their tendency to fade.
In the papers, at least, the tinted ink was most often associated with writers, particularly lady novelists and Oscar Wilde. Which raises a question for the alienists: why violet ink?
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Chris Woodyard is the author of The Victorian Book of the Dead, The Ghost Wore Black, The Headless Horror, The Face in the Window, and the 7-volume Haunted Ohio series. She is also the chronicler of the adventures of that amiable murderess Mrs Daffodil in A Spot of Bother: Four Macabre Tales. The books are available in paperback and for Kindle. Indexes and fact sheets for all of these books may be found by searching hauntedohiobooks.com. Join her on FB at Haunted Ohio by Chris Woodyard or The Victorian Book of the Dead.