There is something incongruous about carpenters as symbols of death. Except that some of them build coffins, they ought to represent Life and Hope and Home. Yet I’ve been intrigued by a couple of stories about phantom carpenters: one who menaced a gravely ill woman and another who always appeared just before a death. It was delightful to add one more phantom carpenter to the list—this time an old woman with a bag of tools, in this grim story from Augustus Hare.
“It was Lady Ashburton’s brother, Stewart Mackenzie, who had that strange adventure at school. He was in bed in a long dormitory, with the boys in rows of beds on each side. In the night he awoke, and saw a little old woman come into the room, dressed in a peaked hat, and round her neck was slung a sort of satchel filled with carpenter’s instruments—a mallet, chisel, hammer, nails, &c. He saw her go up to one of the sleeping boys, look at him, bend over him, examine him very carefully, and then take out a nail, seize the hammer, and seem about to knock the nail into his forehead: then suddenly, just at the last moment, to change her mind and pass on. Into the foreheads of some of the boys she seemed to strike a nail, some she passed by altogether: into others she seemed to intend to strike the nail, and then to change her mind. Finally, with horror, he felt her approaching his own bed: she took out a nail, seemed coming near to strike it, then suddenly passed on. In the morning young Mackenzie was very ill, very feverish, and said, ‘Oh, I have had such a dreadful dream,’ and he told what he had seen. The master said, ‘Can you remember which the boys were into whose foreheads she struck the nail?’—’Oh certainly, I can perfectly,’ and the master wrote down the names in a pocket-book. Very soon after a terrible fever broke out in the school. All those boys died. The boys the old woman looked at and finally turned away from, had the fever, but recovered: the boys she passed by altogether escaped entirely.
The Story of Two Noble Lives, Augustus John Cuthbert Hare, 1893: pp 452-3
There seems to be a little confusion about who experienced this nocturnal horror. Other sources say the young witness was Francis Humberston Mackenzie, later Lord Mackenzie of Kintail and Baron Seaforth, and that he was left “stone-deaf” by the fever.
The episode bears an uncanny resemblance to some themes in Scottish witch-lore as we see in this excerpt from Satan’s Invisible World Discovered:
The minister of Elfdale declared, that one night these witches were, to his thinking, on the crown of his head; and that from thence he had a long continued pain of the head.
One of the witches confessed, that the devil had sent her to torment that minister; and that she was ordered to use a nail, and strike it into his head, but it would not enter very deep, and hence came that head-ach. The minister said also, that one night he felt a pain, as if he were torn with an instrument that they cleanse flax with, or a flax-comb; and when he awaked, he heard some body scratching and scraping at the window, but could see no body; and one of the witches confessed, that she was the person that did it, being sent by the devil.
The minister of Mohra declared also, that one night one of these witches came into his house, and did so violently take him by the throat, that he thought he should have been choaked, and awaking, he saw the person that did it, but could not know her; and that for some weeks he was not able to speak or perform divine service.
An old woman of Elfdale confessed, that the devil had helped her to make a nail which she struck into a boy’s knee, of which stroke the boy remained lame a long time. And she added, that before she was burned, or executed by the hand of justice, the boy would recover.
Satan’s invisible world discovered: Or, a Choice Collection of Modern Relations, Proving evidently against the Atheists of this present Age, that there are Devils, Spirits, Witches and Apparitions, from authentic Records, Attestations of Witnesses of undoubted Veracity, George Sinclair, Late Professor of Philosophy in the College of Glasgow, 1685
The theme of a woman driving home a nail in a reversal of sexual roles may stem from such tales as the Old Testament story of Jael and Sisera and versions of stories like these:
In Nassau, N.Y., a few days ago, a spiritual circle called up what was pretended to be the spirit of a boy named Phillips, a lad of 15, who, some five years since, was found hanging by his neck in his father’s barn. The spirit declared that he had been murdered by his own mother to prevent his disclosing to his father her illicit intercourse with another man. The murder was committed by driving a nail in his head. His body was then hung up to create the supposition that he committed suicide. The revelation caused intense excitement. A coroner was procured from Troy, with a corps of physicians, and on Monday the remains of the boy were taken up and examined. The skull was found perfectly whole and sound and no indication of violence was discovered anywhere. Of course the visions of crime conjured up by the spiritualists vanished; but the mother, the object of these cruel suspicions and calumnies, has become seriously ill from the fearful excitement through which she passed, and may never fully recover from its effects. Lowell [MA] Daily Citizen and News 20 February 1857: p. 2
The Murderer discovered.
When Dr. Donne, afterwards Dean of St. Paul’s, took possession of the first living he ever had, he walked into the church-yard, where the sexton was digging a grave, and throwing up a skull, the doctor took it up to contemplate thereon, and found a small sprig or headless nail sticking in the temple, which he drew out secretly, and wrapt it up in the corner of his handkerchief. He then demanded of the grave digger, whether he knew whose skull that was: he said he did very well, declaring it was a man’s who kept a brandy shop; an honest drunken fellow, who, one night having taken two quarts of that comfortable creature, was found dead in his bed next morning, –Had he a wife?—Yes.—What character does she bear? —A very good one: only the neighbours reflect on her because she married the day after her husband was buried. This was enough for the doctor, who, under the pretence of visiting his parishioners, called on her. He asked her several questions, and, among others, what sickness her husband died of. She giving him the same account, he suddenly opened the handkerchief, and cried in an authoritative voice, Woman, do you know this nail? She was struck with horror at the unexpected demand, and instantly owned the fact.
A Thousand Notable Things, Edward Somerset, 2nd Marquise of Worcester, 1822
Other examples of spectral carpenters? And do modern ones use nail guns? chriswoodyard8 AT gmail.com
Chris Woodyard is the author of The Victorian Book of the Dead, The Ghost Wore Black, The Headless Horror, The Face in the Window, and the 7-volume Haunted Ohio series. She is also the chronicler of the adventures of that amiable murderess Mrs Daffodil in A Spot of Bother: Four Macabre Tales. The books are available in paperback and for Kindle. Indexes and fact sheets for all of these books may be found by searching hauntedohiobooks.com. Join her on FB at Haunted Ohio by Chris Woodyard or The Victorian Book of the Dead. And visit her newest blog, The Victorian Book of the Dead.